Every mother always observes and questions whether her growing baby is developing normally month by month or even day by day. Progress in physical and mental development excites both the baby and the mother. In this article, we have compiled the information of Child Development Specialist Özge Selçuk Bozkurt, who is in the Canbebe Expert Team, about 0-12 months of baby development.

Physical Development

The development of the little baby, who opens his eyes to the world, starts from head to toe. A 40-day-old baby can’t hold his head up, he needs support. 3. As of the month, head control begins. In order for this to develop, you can lay on your face from time to time during his/her waking hours. You will see him slowly trying to raise his head in this position. Likewise, when you lay him face down on your lap, he will try to raise his tiny head a little with your trust and warmth. In this way, you support him/her to develop his/her muscles and spine. When you lie on your back on the floor, it can follow a shiny toy that you play with at a distance of 30 – 40 cm with a 1800-degree head movement.

After completing the first 3 months, the baby begins to turn left and right because he/she leaves the reflexive period and enters the period where voluntary learning takes place. Child Development Specialist Özge Selçuk Bozkurt from Canbebe Expert Team said, “In these months, your baby surprises you, and when you lay him/her on his/her side, you will see that he/she turns on his/her face and looks at you with his/her head raised. Voluntary retention starts in 4 months. He holds the toy, which was previously given to him, with both hands as hand-eye coordination is developing.

Since it is in the oral period, he takes everything he holds to his mouth. He likes and gets excited by the toys that rattle, sing when he hits, light up when he pulls the rope, and make a sound when he hits with his feet from where he lies on his back. Before 6 months, it is not expected to hold the toy by taking it between two fingers and making a clamp. He holds his toy roughly, but the sounds, lights and songs in the toy amuse him a lot. 5. He/she starts to sit with support as of the month and gradually decreases his/her support in the 6th month and moves to the unsupported position. taking into account the principles of being in compliance with the law and the rules of honesty, being accurate and up-to-date when necessary, being processed for specific, clear and legitimate purposes, being linked to the purpose for which they are processed, being limited and proportional, being preserved for the period required by the relevant legislation or In the months, your baby tends towards the direction of the sound. At first, while reacting to the sound, they start to turn to the right and left to see the object that makes the sound. ”


After the 3rd and 4th month, the salivary glands begin to develop and there may be an increase in salivation. With the effect of itchy gums and oral period, the baby takes everything to his/her mouth. During this period, watering and drooling begin in the mouth. Some babies may want to suck more because their teeth are itchy. All this is related to bone development and genetic structure. Each baby’s first tooth can come out at different months. Generally, the first tooth appears at the 6th and 7th months, but there is a baby who removes the first tooth at the 3rd and 4th months and at the 12th month.

Your baby’s eye health affects the quality of life. Keep track of whether it’s focused on an object you’re holding in your hand. Can your baby follow a rattle that makes a lot of noise, and can she follow a non-sounding, colorful latch on your hand? How much can he pay attention to something that has an image but no voice? In this period, he/she is expected to raise his/her hand in the direction you extend. Does he raise his hand in that direction? Observe them and be sure to get a specialist’s opinion from the 6th month, and do not neglect routine eye checks.

The foal stoppage of a normally developing baby is seen around the 11th month on average by holding on to the edge of the seat. The baby, whose balance skills are further improved, can step alone at the 12th month. Babies with overweight disorders affecting the neurological system, who are not constantly kept in their arms or in their beds and are not released, may have delayed walking. Being able to glaze and stand is an exciting development for your baby. You should also be given the opportunity to walk for it. However, trying to encourage a baby who cannot stand yet to walk can also damage his/her hip, please pay attention to this point.  For the baby who is released barefoot at home as much as possible, be sure to choose a shoe that he/she can be comfortable outside. While it may seem fun, don’t use a walker, as it can cause spinal curvature, hip problems, and unintended consequences such as fingertip walking.

Language Development

Until the 12th month, babies listen to all the conversations around them and learn the words, but the sounds that all babies make during this period are universal. All over the world, babies make almost the same sounds. After the 12th month, you will see that sounds start to appear depending on the mother tongue and its laryngeal structure or speech mouth and language. Because vocal imitations begin after this period. Sounds such as father, beak, and mamma, which used to be repeated with the same syllable, are replaced by voluntarily sounds as of the 12th month. When you say father, you hear him looking at his father and saying father. The mutterings end, she makes the sounds on purpose. You already hear your baby’s first words between 12 and 18 months on average.

And around the 18th month, it is expected to know at least 4-6 words, one of which is a verb, in the baby who follows the normal development process. At the age of 2, he starts to form two-word sentences. Whatever attracts the attention of the child at that time – such as the names of the person, the toy he/she likes – these words are also included in the first sentence. Your baby likes to make animal sounds, say reflection words such as hop, bang, placket, and can use these words in the first sentences. Instead of expressing objects to your baby with a single word for language development, use the object you show in a sentence. If you point to the object with short sentences such as “Oh apple, come, I cut the apple, take the apple, eat the apple, look the apple has a core, let me take it out, you can take the apple now”, it will learn much easier and more fun that the name of that object is actually an apple. Also, don’t talk to your baby like a baby, even though it looks very cute. Express words fully and objects, actions with their true meaning. You got pat, you fell into your place, did you get hurt instead of pfft, do you want to go on a horse or go for a ride instead…


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